Functional Movement Screen (FMS) is a ranking and grading system that documents movement patterns that are key to normal function. By screening these patterns, the FMS readily identifies functional limitations and asymmetries. These are issues that can reduce the effects of functional training and physical conditioning and distort body awareness.
The FMS generates the Functional Movement Screen Score, which is used to target problems and track progress. This scoring system is directly linked to the most beneficial corrective exercises to restore mechanically sound movement patterns.
Exercise professionals monitor the FMS score to track progress and to identify those exercises that will be most effective to restore proper movement and build strength in each individual.
The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) examines seven fundamental movement patterns that make basic functioning possible. These movement patterns include:
- Deep Squat
- Hurdle Step
- Inline Lunge
- Shoulder mobility
- Active Straight Leg Raise
- Trunk Stability Push-Up
- Rotary Stability
Each movement pattern is given a score from 1 (low) to 3 (high), with the overall screening results then utilized to create a corrective exercise program aimed at maximizing both mobility and stability throughout the body. In addition, the test can be repeated at specific intervals to determine the effectiveness of the prescribed program as well as make new recommendations.
The FMS is best utilized near the end of a rehabilitation program when pain is no longer present. The results may then be used to prescribe a post-rehabilitative exercise program as well as supplemental exercises to be utilized alongside a previously established strength or fitness routine.